This study of sand seas on a global scale consists of identifying and measuring characteristic sand forms, examining structures, determining the processes involved, and ascertaining the world distribution of various types of sand bodies. Fifteen major areas or sites in the Eastern Hemisphere and three sites in the Western Hemisphere have been examined. In this study an attempt is made to develop a strictly objective classification of worldwide application. Ultimate objectives are threefold. First, a better understanding of stratification in ancient rocks of dune origin; such structures are important in the migration of water and oil. Second, a further insight into the controls of sand migration that in some areas adversely affects various enterprises of man may be obtained. Finally, an appreciation of certain similar patterns on Mars, apparently wind-formed, may result.